Published by Sindhi Adabi Board Jamshoro (Pakistan) Second Edition 2006
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Makhdoom Muhammad Hashim Thattvi was one of the greatest scholars in Sindh. He was a great jurist, a poet, an academician, a researcher, a Muhaddith and a Mufassir, and authored hundreds of books and articles many of whom have been lost. Many of his surviving books and articles are not published and manuscripts are available in historical and personal libraries.
He was born on 10 Rabi' al-Awwal 1104 A.H. in Bathoro (بٺورو), a town in the Thatta district of Sindh, and died on 6 Rajab 1174 A.H. He is buried in the famous graveyard of Makli near Thatta.
He received his basic education from his father Makhdoom Abdul Ghafoor, and then learned from famous scholars of Sindh. In 1135 AH he want for Hajj and remained in Haramain for two years. There, he studied with some of the great scholars of the time. Some of his teachers include:
- Makhdoom Muhammad Saeed Thattvi (Thatta)
- Makhdoom Zia'uddin Thattvi (Thatta)
- Shaykh Abdul Qadir bin Abu Bakr Siddiqi Hanafi Makki, Mufti of Makkah al-Mukarramah (d. 1138 AH)
- Shaykh Eid bin Ali Misri al-Shafi'i al-Azhari (d. 1140 AH)
- Shaykh Abu Tahir Muhammad bin Ibrahim Madani (d. 1145 AH). He was also the teacher of Shah Waliullah Dehlavi.
He received his spiritual guidance in Tariqah Qadriyah from one of the great scholars and shaykh of Sindh, Sayyid Sa'dullah Qadri (سيد سعد الله قادري) of Surat (b. 1099 AH, d. 1138 AH.). He went to his Shaykh in 1136 A.H. (1723 CE) and within a year received khilafah and returned home to Thatta in Safar 1137 A.H. With Ba'yah with Sayyid Sa'dullah, Makhdoom was also highly devoted and received spiritual guidance from Shaykh Abul-Qasim Naqshbandi (d. 7 Sha'ban 1138 AH.), one of the most famous Naqshbandi saints of Sindh who is buried in Makli, Thatta. Shaykh Abul-Qasim was the khalifa of Shaykh Saifuddin Faruqi Sirhindi the grandson of Imam Rabbani Shaykh Ahmed Sirhindi.
Makhdoom Hashim collected thousands of valuable Islamic books from all around the world in his personal library. It was one of the largest libraries of the region. But unfortunately the library did not survive long after him. Many books were stolen or taken away by other people, and there wasn't any person who could take care of the remaining books.
From his descendents, his grandson Makhdoom Muhammad Ibrahim Thattvi (1162-1225 AH) son of Makhdoom Abdul-Latif son of Makhdoom Hashim was one of the leading Sufi shaykhs in Sindh. He belonged to the Naqshbandi tradition and is one of the famous saints of Sindh. He was a great scholar as well and an author of many books. He travelled very much specially in the Arabian lands, and was a master of Arabic language. One of his books is available online in the form of manuscript.